Asterisk. Конфигурационный файл extensions.ael.

Этот файл аналогичен extensions.conf, но только предназначается для диалпланов, написанных на языке AEL. Когда Asterisk загружает ди­алплан, она читает диалплан на AEL из файла extensions.ael и объединяет его с диалпланом из extensions.conf.

Пример файла.

//
// Example AEL config file
//
//
// Static extension configuration file, used by
// the pbx_ael module. This is where you configure all your
// inbound and outbound calls in Asterisk.
//
// This configuration file is reloaded
// - With the "ael reload" command in the CLI
// - With the "reload" command (that reloads everything) in the CLI

// The "Globals" category contains global variables that can be referenced
// in the dialplan by using the GLOBAL dialplan function:
// ${GLOBAL(VARIABLE)}
// ${${GLOBAL(VARIABLE)}} or ${text${GLOBAL(VARIABLE)}} or any hybrid
// Unix/Linux environmental variables are reached with the ENV dialplan
// function: ${ENV(VARIABLE)}
//

// NOTE! NOTE! NOTE!
// Asterisk by default will load both extensions.conf and extensions.ael files.
// Upon loading these files the dialplans generated from both with be merged,
// so you must make sure that you don't have any overlapping contexts or global
// variables. If you do, then unexpected behavior may result when the data is
// merged.
// NOTE! NOTE! NOTE!

globals {
CONSOLE-AEL="Console/dsp"; // Console interface for demo
//CONSOLE-AEL=Zap/1;
//CONSOLE-AEL=Phone/phone0;
IAXINFO-AEL=guest; // IAXtel username/password
//IAXINFO-AEL="myuser:mypass";
OUTBOUND-TRUNK="Zap/g2"; // Trunk interface
//
// Note the 'g2' in the OUTBOUND-TRUNK variable above. It specifies which group (defined
// in chan_dahdi.conf) to dial, i.e. group 2, and how to choose a channel to use in
// the specified group. The four possible options are:
//
// g: select the lowest-numbered non-busy DAHDI channel
// (aka. ascending sequential hunt group).
// G: select the highest-numbered non-busy DAHDI channel
// (aka. descending sequential hunt group).
// r: use a round-robin search, starting at the next highest channel than last
// time (aka. ascending rotary hunt group).
// R: use a round-robin search, starting at the next lowest channel than last
// time (aka. descending rotary hunt group).
//
OUTBOUND-TRUNKMSD=1; // MSD digits to strip (usually 1 or 0)
//OUTBOUND-TRUNK2=IAX2/user:pass@provider;
};

//
// Any category other than "General" and "Globals" represent
// extension contexts, which are collections of extensions.
//
// Extension names may be numbers, letters, or combinations
// thereof. If an extension name is prefixed by a '_'
// character, it is interpreted as a pattern rather than a
// literal. In patterns, some characters have special meanings:
//
// X - any digit from 0-9
// Z - any digit from 1-9
// N - any digit from 2-9
// [1235-9] - any digit in the brackets (in this example, 1,2,3,5,6,7,8,9)
// . - wildcard, matches anything remaining (e.g. _9011. matches
// anything starting with 9011 excluding 9011 itself)
// ! - wildcard, causes the matching process to complete as soon as
// it can unambiguously determine that no other matches are possible
//
// For example the extension _NXXXXXX would match normal 7 digit dialings,
// while _1NXXNXXXXXX would represent an area code plus phone number
// preceded by a one.
//
// Each step of an extension is ordered by priority, which must
// always start with 1 to be considered a valid extension. The priority
// "next" or "n" means the previous priority plus one, regardless of whether
// the previous priority was associated with the current extension or not.
// The priority "same" or "s" means the same as the previously specified
// priority, again regardless of whether the previous entry was for the
// same extension. Priorities may be immediately followed by a plus sign
// and another integer to add that amount (most useful with 's' or 'n').
// Priorities may then also have an alias, or label, in
// parenthesis after their name which can be used in goto situations
//
// Contexts contain several lines, one for each step of each
// extension, which can take one of two forms as listed below,
// with the first form being preferred. One may include another
// context in the current one as well, optionally with a
// date and time. Included contexts are included in the order
// they are listed.
//
//context name {
// exten-name => {
// application(arg1,arg2,...);
//
// Timing list for includes is
//
// 

//
// Sample entries for extensions.conf
//
//
context ael-dundi-e164-canonical {
//
// List canonical entries here
//
// 12564286000 => &ael-std-exten(6000,IAX2/foo);
// _125642860XX => Dial(IAX2/otherbox/${EXTEN:7});
};

context ael-dundi-e164-customers {
//
// If you are an ITSP or Reseller, list your customers here.
//
//_12564286000 => Dial(SIP/customer1);
//_12564286001 => Dial(IAX2/customer2);
};

context ael-dundi-e164-via-pstn {
//
// If you are freely delivering calls to the PSTN, list them here
//
//_1256428XXXX => Dial(DAHDI/G2/${EXTEN:7}); // Expose all of 256-428
//_1256325XXXX => Dial(DAHDI/G2/${EXTEN:7}); // Ditto for 256-325
};

context ael-dundi-e164-local {
//
// Context to put your dundi IAX2 or SIP user in for
// full access
//
includes {
ael-dundi-e164-canonical;
ael-dundi-e164-customers;
ael-dundi-e164-via-pstn;
};
};

context ael-dundi-e164-switch {
//
// Just a wrapper for the switch
//

switches {
DUNDi/e164;
};
};

context ael-dundi-e164-lookup {
//
// Locally to lookup, try looking for a local E.164 solution
// then try DUNDi if we don't have one.
//
includes {
ael-dundi-e164-local;
ael-dundi-e164-switch;
};
//
};

//
// DUNDi can also be implemented as a Macro instead of using
// the Local channel driver.
//
macro ael-dundi-e164(exten) {
//
// ARG1 is the extension to Dial
//
goto ${exten}|1;
return;
};

//
// Here are the entries you need to participate in the IAXTEL
// call routing system. Most IAXTEL numbers begin with 1-700, but
// there are exceptions. For more information, and to sign
// up, please go to www.gnophone.com or www.iaxtel.com
//
context ael-iaxtel700 {
_91700XXXXXXX => Dial(IAX2/${IAXINFO-AEL}@iaxtel.com/${EXTEN:1}@iaxtel);
};

//
// The SWITCH statement permits a server to share the dialplan with
// another server. Use with care: Reciprocal switch statements are not
// allowed (e.g. both A -> B and B -> A), and the switched server needs
// to be on-line or else dialing can be severly delayed.
//
context ael-iaxprovider {
switches {
// IAX2/user:[key]@myserver/mycontext;
};
};

context ael-trunkint {
//
// International long distance through trunk
//
includes {
ael-dundi-e164-lookup;
};
_9011. => {
&ael-dundi-e164(${EXTEN:4});
Dial(${OUTBOUND-TRUNK}/${EXTEN:${OUTBOUND-TRUNKMSD}});
};
};

context ael-trunkld {
//
// Long distance context accessed through trunk
//
includes {
ael-dundi-e164-lookup;
};
_91NXXNXXXXXX => {
&ael-dundi-e164(${EXTEN:1});
Dial(${OUTBOUND-TRUNK}/${EXTEN:${OUTBOUND-TRUNKMSD}});
};
};

context ael-trunklocal {
//
// Local seven-digit dialing accessed through trunk interface
//
_9NXXXXXX => {
Dial(${OUTBOUND-TRUNK}/${EXTEN:${OUTBOUND-TRUNKMSD}});
};
};

context ael-trunktollfree {
//
// Long distance context accessed through trunk interface
//

_91800NXXXXXX => Dial(${OUTBOUND-TRUNK}/${EXTEN:${OUTBOUND-TRUNKMSD}});
_91888NXXXXXX => Dial(${OUTBOUND-TRUNK}/${EXTEN:${OUTBOUND-TRUNKMSD}});
_91877NXXXXXX => Dial(${OUTBOUND-TRUNK}/${EXTEN:${OUTBOUND-TRUNKMSD}});
_91866NXXXXXX => Dial(${OUTBOUND-TRUNK}/${EXTEN:${OUTBOUND-TRUNKMSD}});
};

context ael-international {
//
// Master context for international long distance
//
ignorepat => 9;
includes {
ael-longdistance;
ael-trunkint;
};
};

context ael-longdistance {
//
// Master context for long distance
//
ignorepat => 9;
includes {
ael-local;
ael-trunkld;
};
};

context ael-local {
//
// Master context for local, toll-free, and iaxtel calls only
//
ignorepat => 9;
includes {
ael-default;
ael-trunklocal;
ael-iaxtel700;
ael-trunktollfree;
ael-iaxprovider;
};
};

//
// You can use an alternative switch type as well, to resolve
// extensions that are not known here, for example with remote
// IAX switching you transparently get access to the remote
// Asterisk PBX
//
// switch => IAX2/user:password@bigserver/local
//
// An "lswitch" is like a switch but is literal, in that
// variable substitution is not performed at load time
// but is passed to the switch directly (presumably to
// be substituted in the switch routine itself)
//
// lswitch => Loopback/12${EXTEN}@othercontext
//
// An "eswitch" is like a switch but the evaluation of
// variable substitution is performed at runtime before
// being passed to the switch routine.
//
// eswitch => IAX2/context@${CURSERVER}

macro ael-std-exten-ael( ext , dev ) {
Dial(${dev}/${ext},20);
switch(${DIALSTATUS}) {
case BUSY:
Voicemail(${ext},b);
break;
default:
Voicemail(${ext},u);
};
catch a {
VoiceMailMain(${ext});
return;
};
return;
};

context ael-demo {
s => {
Wait(1);
Answer();
Set(TIMEOUT(digit)=5);
Set(TIMEOUT(response)=10);
restart:
Background(demo-congrats);
instructions:
for (x=0; ${x} < 3; x=${x} + 1) {
Background(demo-instruct);
WaitExten();
};
};
2 => {
Background(demo-moreinfo);
goto s|instructions;
};
3 => {
Set(LANGUAGE()=fr);
goto s|restart;
};
1000 => {
goto ael-default|s|1;
};
500 => {
Playback(demo-abouttotry);
Dial(IAX2/guest@misery.digium.com/s@default);
Playback(demo-nogo);
goto s|instructions;
};
600 => {
Playback(demo-echotest);
Echo();
Playback(demo-echodone);
goto s|instructions;
};
_1234 => &ael-std-exten-ael(${EXTEN}, "IAX2");
8500 => {
VoicemailMain();
goto s|instructions;
};
# => {
Playback(demo-thanks);
Hangup();
};
t => goto #|1;
i => Playback(invalid);
};

//
// If you wish to use AEL for your default context, remove it
// from extensions.conf (or change its name or comment it out)
// and then uncomment the one here.
//

context ael-default {

// By default we include the demo. In a production system, you
// probably don't want to have the demo there.

includes {
ael-demo;
};
//
// Extensions like the two below can be used for FWD, Nikotel, sipgate etc.
// Note that you must have a [sipprovider] section in sip.conf whereas
// the otherprovider.net example does not require such a peer definition
//
//_41X. => Dial(SIP/${EXTEN:2}@sipprovider,,r);
//_42X. => Dial(SIP/user:passwd@${EXTEN:2}@otherprovider.net,30,rT);

// Real extensions would go here. Generally you want real extensions to be
// 4 or 5 digits long (although there is no such requirement) and start with a
// single digit that is fairly large (like 6 or 7) so that you have plenty of
// room to overlap extensions and menu options without conflict. You can alias
// them with names, too, and use global variables

// 6245 => {
// hint(SIP/Grandstream1&SIP/Xlite1,Joe Schmoe); // Channel hints for presence
// Dial(SIP/Grandstream1,20,rt); // permit transfer
// Dial(${HINT}/5245},20,rtT); // Use hint as listed
// switch(${DIALSTATUS}) {
// case BUSY:
// Voicemail(6245,b);
// return;
// default:
// Voicemail(6245,u);
// return;
// };
// };

// 6361 => Dial(IAX2/JaneDoe,,rm); // ring without time limit
// 6389 => Dial(MGCP/aaln/1@192.168.0.14);
// 6394 => Dial(Local/6275/n); // this will dial ${MARK}

// 6275 => &ael-stdexten(6275,${MARK}); // assuming ${MARK} is something like DAHDI/2
// mark => goto 6275|1; // alias mark to 6275
// 6536 => &ael-stdexten(6236,${WIL}); // Ditto for wil
// wil => goto 6236|1;
//
// Some other handy things are an extension for checking voicemail via
// voicemailmain
//
// 8500 => {
// VoicemailMain();
// Hangup();
// };
//
// Or a conference room (you'll need to edit meetme.conf to enable this room)
//
// 8600 => Meetme(1234);
//
// Or playing an announcement to the called party, as soon it answers
//
// 8700 => Dial(${MARK},30,A(/path/to/my/announcemsg))
//
// For more information on applications, just type "show applications" at your
// friendly Asterisk CLI prompt.
//
// 'show application  ' will show details of how you
// use that particular application in this file, the dial plan.
//
}